Friday, April 3, 2009

Historical Facts on England & United States (8)

Topic: The Years 1643-1647

1643: (England) Eng. Civil War: Cavaliers lose Bradford, are defeated by Cromwell at Grantham, take Bristol, are beaten in Battle of Newbury; Roundheads victorious at Leeds, Reading, Wakefield, Gainsborough, Gloucester.

1643: (England) Sir Richard Baker: "A Chronicle of the Kings of England."

1643: (North America) Brooklyn: By 1643 a little village named Breucklen had come into existence along the highway to Flatbush about a mile from the ferry to Manhattan, the name having been taken from an old town in Holland. There were many ways of spelling the name before "Brooklyn" was finally accepted. A number of other villages developed in the neighborhood, and later became Flatbush, Flatlands, New Utrecht and Bushwick. In 1816 a limited area in the region of the present Borough Hall was incorporated as a village. In 1834 a city Charter was granted. Twenty years later Williamsburg and Bushwick were absorbed into Brooklyn. At the time of consolidation (1898) Brooklyn had a population of nearly one million.

1643: (North America) A noted Indian massacre took place in 1643 and for two years following bitter warfare was waged under the leadership of Captain John Underhill, a famous Indian fighter. So great was the popular alarm that Director Kieft called a popular meeting, the first ever held in the colony, at which a council of twelve men was chosen to advise him in the conduct of the war.

1646: (England) English occupy Bahamas.

1646: (North America) Brooklyn was one of the first to receive a municipal government. In 1646 the inhabitants of Brooklyn were invested with a grant of municipal privileges. They had the privilege of electing two magistrates, in addition to the two they already had, called "schepens," and to appoint a "scout," subordinate to the "schout fiscal" at New Amsterdam. At this time the village proper of Breuckelen was nearly a mile inland; the hamlet on the shore opposite Manhattan was known as the ferry.

1647: (England) Eng. Civil War; Commons votes to disband most of the army; Charles I taken prisoner; army marches into London; the king escapes, is recaptured and is imprisoned at Carisbrooke Castle; he agrees to abolish episcopacy and restore Presbyterianism.

1647: (England) First newspaper advertisement (for the book "The Divine Right of Church Government") appears in "Perfect Occurences of Every Daie Journall in Parliament" (Apr.)

1647: (North America) The Town of Flatlands (New Amersfoort) is chartered. Hans Hansen Bergen receives a grant of waterfront land in Brooklyn and Bushwick. In 1647, a patent was granted to Hans Hansen Bergen, who received 400 acres. It was a very extensive plantation and extended from Rennegachanck creek (Wallabout creek) to Division avenue, including within its limits the present Nineteenth Ward, and parts of the Sixteenth and Eighteenth wards. The lands within this district passed into the hands of General Jeremiah Johnson, James Scholes, Abraham Remsen, Abraham Boerum, Abraham Meserole, McKibben and others. These names are all familiar, and many of them have been given to streets.


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