Tuesday, December 9, 2008

Women (2)

Topic: Distinguished Women of New York State #2 Emily Post

Throughout the centuries, women were largely confined to the care of family members and home. During the Victorian era, marriage was the only career considered for women by accepted reasoning. From the time she was young, a gentle-woman was groomed for this role in life-dutiful wife and mother. Her coming out meant a young woman completed her education and was officially available on the marriage mart. "Bank accounts were studied and ancestral lineages inspected, if both were met with approval, then the engagement was formalized. After the parents were satisfied that their daughter was marrying into money or lineage, usually trading one for the other, a wedding date would be set."

"Now, no one will deny that a woman in taking to herself a husband is quite as likely to find that she has taken him for worse as for better. Whereas she was happy as a girl, she may spend her wife-hood in tears and tribulations. She may find that every ideal attribute with which she endowed her husband before marriage has flown, or, rather, never existed, except in her imagination. Fondly believing him to be generous, he may turn out to be close-fisted and mean: temperate, he may lean to drunkenness: considerate, he may turn a deaf ear to her entreaties; believing him all that she admired, she may find him full of weaknesses and unlovable traits." (1)

Prior to 1848 and other "Married Women's Property Acts" that were passed, when a woman married, she would lose the right to control property that was hers prior to the marriage, nor was she able to acquire property during marriage. The status of a married woman during that time was that she was not able to make contracts, keep or control her own wages or any rents, transfer property, sell property or bring any lawsuit. Although Mississippi adopted the first married women's property act in 1839, New York passed a much better known statute in 1848. To View NYS Act of 1848.

The passing of the 1893 Married Women's Property Act completed this process. Married women now had full legal control of all the property of every kind which they owned at marriage or which they acquired after marriage either by inheritance or by their own earnings.

However, since then, women have come a long way in asserting their rights to freedom of speech, freedom of conscience , as well as resisting oppression in their struggle for economic independence. In seeking to remain independent, women have progressed remarkably in their endeavor to bring about dramatic changes to their position in society, establishing new degrees of freedom, which have found their way over the years into Legislation.

On August 26, 1920 a constitutional amendment was adopted when Tennessee ratified it, granting full woman suffrage in all states of the United States.

The women of the 1920's strived for a position of equality for both men and women in society. The Women's Right Movement created opportunities that enabled them to become independent wage-earners with improved pay and working conditions. It also gave them access to a higher education, which otherwise they were not able to obtain. Women were becoming more involved in the decision making process of their homes other than those concerning children, cooking and church-going. As social forces in their community, they would form organizations where their voices would be heard by local politicians and other women in order to achieve their goals and human rights.

As a result of their bold efforts against all odds, the world has richly benefited from these women who have served in their capacity as civil rights crusaders, scientists, artists, writers, doctors, politicians, entertainers and other areas of creativity and leadership.

Today my choice for Distinguished Women of New York State is Emily Post. Read all about her life and magnificent accomplishments in Laura Claridge's recently published biography of "Emily Post: Daughter of the Gilded Age, Mistress of American Manners."

For more details on this biography, please visit the website of Laura Claridge.

Azra Raza has also written a great review : 3 Quarks Daily.

(1) Excerpt from The New York Times September 16, 1906 p. SM4 (1 page)

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Wednesday, December 3, 2008

Main Directory: Mimi Speaks Blog (1)

There are many people who love to read blogs, but just don't have the time to go through it's entire contents trying to find something that may be of interest to them. Usually when people approach a blog, they like to go quickly from one thing to the next. As for actually reading the text, there is little evidence of that unless the subject matter should catch their eye, then it becomes worthwhile.

Since my blog was started in 2007, there have been postings of 201 tid-bits of information, which talk about history, life situations, goals and success. New tid-bits will continue to be posted regularly. So my dear reader, for your benefit, I am making every attempt to improve the navigation to this treasure trove of information as quickly as possible. For this purpose I have created a table of contents divided by categories, for easy accessing. However if there is something that may interest you, I suggest you find yourself a comfortable chair, and while you're at it, grab a steaming hot cup of coffee and a bagel with cream cheese and you'll be all set to settle down for a while. So happy reading.


(A. ) Getting To Know Mimi (B.) N.Y.C. History (C.) East Harlem
(D.) Spanish Harlem (E.) Black Harlem (F.) New York State (G.) Urban/Suburban Living Issues

Table of Contents (3)
(H.) Chit-Chat Over Coffee Swirls

Table of Contents (4)
(I.) Jewish Knowledge (J.) Self-Improvement (K.) Historical Facts On England & United States

Table of Contents (5)
(L.) Miscellaneous (M.) Timetables (N.) Ethnic Groups (O.) Legal Talk
(P.) Entertainment: Backward Glances (Q.) Immigration

Table of Contents (6)
(R.) Women__Bio Sketches, Feminine Fancies, Recipes, Kitchen Talk.
(S.) Worship

Table of Contents (7)
(T.) A Little Taste of History, (U.) U.S. History-Transportation, (V) U.S. History-Panics, Economic Depressions

Table of Contents (8)
(W) ¿Habla EspaƱol?


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Tuesday, December 2, 2008

Table of Contents: Mimi Speaks Blog (7)

T. A Little Taste Of History

1. Topic: Happenings During The 1600s In NYC. #1
2. Topic: Absences Of Presidents of the U.S.From the Nation's Capital.
3. Topic: Happenings During The 1600s in NYC. #2
4. Topic: Happenings In NYC During the 1700s #1
5. Topic: The Martin Koszta Affair: A Hungarian Immigrant
6. Topic: First Rank Hotels In NYC Prior to 1916
7. Topic: 19th Century Thugs and Gangs
8. Topic: Happenings During the 1800s in NYC #1
9. Topic: Happenings During the 1800s in NYC #2
10. Topic: Happenings During the 1900s in NYC #1
11. Topic: NYC’s Places of Amusement 1868
12. Topic: Important Men of New York City #1
13. Topic: Family Record of the Rapelje
14. Topic: Early Banks of New York City #1
15. Topic: Important Men of New York City #2
16. Topic: The Dust Bowl
17. Topic: Some Terms Used by the North and the South During the Civil War
18. Topic: New York City's Theatres Pre: 1911 #1
19. Topic: Wealthy Businessmen of NYC #1
20. Topic: Clubs, Societies Pre: 1905 #1
21. Topic: New York City’s Institutions Pre: 1915 #1
22. Topic: New York City's Institutions Pre: 1915 #2
23. Topic: Some Facts On Long Island #1
24. Topic: Some Facts On Long Island #2
25. Topic: The North American Indian Pre: 1900 #1
26. Topic: The North American Indian Pre: 1900 #2
27. Topic: The North American Indian Pre: 1900 #3 (more to follow)
28. Topic: The Roaring Twenties and the Great Depression
29. Topic: New York City's Theatres Pre: 1911 #2
30. Topic: New York City's Theatres Pre: 1911 #3
31. Topic: Wealthy Businessmen of NYC #2
32. Topic: Important Businessmen From Queens Borough #1
33. Topic: Selected Indians of New York State #1
34. Topic: Important Businessmen From Queens Borough #2
35. Topic: Selected Indians of New York State #2
36. Topic: Topic: First Mayor of Brooklyn
37. Topic: Jewish Knowledge A-Z #1

38. Topic: The North American Indian Pre: 1900 #4

39. Topic: The North American Indian Pre: 1900 #5
40. Topic: The North American Indian Pre: 1900 #6

41. Topic: Happenings During the 1600s in NYC #3
42. Topic: Happenings in NYC during the 1700s #2
43. Topic: Happenings During the 1800s in NYC #3
44. Topic: Happenings During the 1900s in NYC #2

U. United States History-Transportation

1. Topic: New York City Area 1611-1667

2. Topic: New York City Area 1668-1717

3. Topic: New York City Area 1786-1798

V. United States History-Panics, Depressions and Business Matters

1. The Panic of 1819 (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6).
2. Living It Up In The Roaring Twenties (1), (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7).
3. The Panic of 1837 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7).
4. Corruption in Wall Street 1871
5. There is no "Panic" here, Wall Street is not America 1895
6. Our Financial Troubles: Government and Panic/America 1873 (1) (2) (3).
7. The Effects of the Great Depression (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7).
8. The Great Run of 1872

9. Brief Financial Notes Based on 1875-1907 (1) (2)

10. Economic Conditions in 1789 (1) (2)

11. Bank of New York Founded (1) (2)

12. Stock Exchange Information Prior to 1901 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8)

13. Panic and Depression 1832

Sources Utilized to Document Information

Table of Contents (8)


Contact: miriammedina@earthlink.net

Table of Contents: Mimi Speaks Blog (6)


( Bio Sketches)

S. Worship

1. Topic: Notable Catholics Born in NYC #1
2. Topic: Episcopal Churches in NYC #1
3. Topic: Episcopal Churches in New York City #2

Sources Utilized to Document Information

Next: Table of Contents (7)


Contact: miriammedina@earthlink.net

Table of Contents: Mimi Speaks Blog (4)

I. Jewish Knowledge

1. Topic: Jewish Knowledge A-Z #1
Topic: Jewish Knowledge A-Z #2
Topic: Jewish Tid-Bits Manhattan #1
Topic: Jewish Tid-Bits Manhattan #2
Topic: Jewish Tid-Bits Manhattan #3
Topic: Jewish Tid-Bits-Brooklyn #1
Topic: Jewish Tid-Bits- Brooklyn #2
Topic: Rabbis and Cantors Officiating in the U.S.
9. Topic:
Jewish Tid-Bits -Brooklyn #3

10. Topic: Jewish Tid-Bits-Manhattan #4

11. Topic: Jewish Tid-Bits-Brooklyn #4

12. Jewish Tid-Bits Brooklyn #5

13. Jewish Tid-Bits Brooklyn #6

K. Historical Facts on England & United States

1. Topic: England (only) 1531-1538

2. Topic: England (Only) 1539-1549

3. Topic: England (only) 1550-1559

4. Topic: England (only) 1560-1569

5. Topic: England (Only) 1570-1579

6. Topic: England (only) 1580-1589

7. Topic: England (only) 1592-1605

8. Topic: England (only) 1606-1611

9. Topic: The Years 1612-1618

10. Topic: The Years 1619-1625

11. Topic: The Years 1626-1630

12. Topic: The Years 1632-1635

13. Topic: The Years 1636-1639

14. Topic: The Years 1640-1642

15. Topic: The Years 1643-1647
16. Topic:
Total Mortality of England, London and New York 1850-1857

17. Topic:
The Years 1648-1650

18. Topic:
The Years 1651-1654

Next: Table of Contents (5)


Sources Utilized to Document Information

Contact: miriammedina@earthlink.net

Table of Contents: Mimi Speaks Blog (3)

H. Chit-Chat Over Coffee Swirls

Table of Contents: Mimi Speaks Blog (2)

A. Getting To Know Mimi
1. Welcome
5. What Is The Blog "Mimi Speaks?"
7. Dead End: Italian Harlem

9. Why History is Important to Genealogy Research-A Poem
B. New York City History
2. Taking It To The Streets-NYC's Early Riots
4. Riding It Out On The Great Financial Roller Coaster-NYC's Early Panics
6. Yikes! What A Way To Go…….NYC’s Travel Experience
8. Mr. Grim's Account of the Great Fire 1776 (1)
9. Cruisin' the 50s (1) (2) (3) (4) (6)
10.September 11, 2001 A Day to Always be Remembered (1) (2)
11. New York, New York-Undeniably One Helluva Town! (1) (2) (3)
1. East Harlem, New York: Microcosm of the Melting Pot. (1) (2) (3)
2. Crusin' the 50s in a Volatile East Harlem (1) (2) (3)

C. East Harlem also known as Italian Harlem
1. Recollections of the Old Neighborhood-1940s East Harlem
3. The Historybox.com's special section "Italian Harlem " (see pictures of the Feast of Mt. Carmel, read articles on the Italian Community of New York and enjoy you-tubes of the wonderful music of Great Italian Singers like Francisco Corso, Andrea Bocelli, Pavarotti, Dean Martin, Mario Lanza and more.)
5. Feast of Mount Carmel 1920
7. 2009 Giglio di Sant’ Antonio Feast in East Harlem
9. Our Lady of Mount Carmel of East Harlem website: Al Guerra
11. "Hey Man! This is Our Turf...It's Rumble Time in East Harlem 30s-60s
13. East Harlem Giglio Feast 2010
15. Harlem italiano: Saluti dalla Amministrazione Comunale di Brusciano, Italia
17. East Harlem Reunion 2011 (1)
Walking the Beat in Italian Harlem

1. Topic: Accused of Burning A Boy 1901
3. Topic: Italian Butcher Murdered; Was killed by his former Partner, who had married the Girl he loved 1902
5. Topic: Serious Charge Against An Italian 1878 #5
7. Topic: An Italian Stabbing Match 1885
9. Topic: Battle With Italians: They Resent the Action of a Car Driver 1887
11.Stabbed With A Stiletto 1893
D. Spanish Harlem also known as "El Barrio"
1. Spanish Harlem
3. Spanish Harlem: 1939 (1) (2) (3)
4. Repasando Los Anos Cincuenta en Spanish Harlem, New York (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)
E. Harlem: Historic Heart of Black New York
1. Black Harlem
2. Harlem in the Old Times (1) (2) (3) (4)
3. The Harlem Renaissance and the Flowering of Creativity (1)
F. New York: The Empire State
1. Topic: Albany Pre: 1940 #1
2. Topic: Albany Pre: 1940 (continue) #2
3. Topic: Albany Pre: 1940 (continue) #3
4. Topic: Albany Pre: 1940 (continue) #4
5. Topic: Albany Pre 1940 (continue) #5
6. Presidents of the United States born in New York State (1) (2)
G. Tenement Living: Social Issues of Urban Life
I. Poverty

2. Crime and Vice

3. Homelessness
A. Once Upon A Time Home Sweet Home (Homelessness)
4. Group Conflicts (Riots)
A. A Riot Among the Soldiers of the Third Regiment (1)
B. The Negro Riot of 1712 (1)
5. Diseases
A. Malaria in the Dirt Piles 1901
6. Gays and Lesbians: Gender Identity in an Urban Environment
A. The Stonewall Police Riot: Gay Rights 1969 (1) (2)
B. Hello World: Gay Pride versus The Closet by Miriam B. Medina (1) (2) (3)
7. Domestic Violence
A. Domestic Violence: A Heart Rendering Experience (1) (2) (3) (4)
B. Violence Across America: A Nation's Crisis (Click Here)
8. Drug and Alcohol Addiction
A. When You Love A Child..Get Involved (Drugs/Alcohol Abuse) (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)
9. Police Brutality
10. Housing
A. The Crowded Condition of New York Dwellings 1883
Contact: miriammedina@earthlink.net

Monday, December 1, 2008

Kitchen Talk (2)

Subject: Soup Making (Year 1910)

The principle in soup-making is to extract all nourishment from the meat or bones, which are the "stock," otherwise the basis of the dish.If we knew how to make better soups and practiced what we knew, they would soon become as essential, a part of our daily fare as they are in other civilized countries. So much of what passes in private houses and in country hotels as soup is little better than seasoned dish-water.Watery, mottled with big globules of grease, with a thin residuum of rice or barley, or, perchance, of peas and cubes of carrots, that give it a local habitation and a name among edibles.

"Soup, Sir?" said the waitress to the well-to-do farmer. "Mutton, tomato or chicken soup?"

"Neither, if you please." uttered the independent citizen. "When I eat I want something that has some substance into it!" So say we all of us! The initial step in our lesson is to learn how to put the "substance into" the soup. A good soup stock is made by cutting into small cubes a pound of lean beef and the same quantity of lean veal, adding to these a beef bone full of marrow and well cracked, that the "substance" may be extracted from the heart of the bone.

Prepare half a cupful of carrots, cut into squares: a turnip, likewise cut into small bits; an onion minced fine and a stalk of celery, cut into half-inch lengths. Lay these in cold water for an hour and then drain. Put into a pot of boiling water and cook one minute to take away the rank earthy taste that clings to raw vegetables which have grown underground. Drain the chopped vegetables; add them to the meat and bones, cover deep with cold water and put over the fire. A gallon of water in none too much for the quantities of meat and bones of which I have spoken. Cover the pot closely and set where it will not reach the boiling point under an hour, yet will be heating steadily. After it begins to simmer and sing, hold the heat steady, still, for another hour. Increase then until the simmer is the gentlest of bubblings. To boil soup stock fast and hard is to ruin it. The practiced ear of the cook who understands her business detects in an instant the accelerated motion of the bubblings and arrests it. After the stock has boiled for twenty minutes the pot, covered by a closely fitting lid, is set within the cooker and the upper lid is sealed fast. At the end of six, seven or ten hours the contents will be piping hot still and cooked to perfection. In the summer it is safest to season the soup before it goes into the cooker. Lift the cover for a moment; stir in enough salt and pepper to keep it from spoiling if left in the cooker overnight; bring again to the boil (with the cover clamped fast) and set in the cooker.

Stock that is cooked over the fire is better left unseasoned until you are ready to take it from the range. Add then plenty of salt and pepper, and do not forget two teaspoonfuls of kitchen bouquet. Set away, covered, to cool. When perfectly cold the fat will be formed upon the surface in a solid cake. Take this off, not a particle of fat should be left upon a well-made soup. Strain the skimmed stock through a colander. What you should have left to you is a rich jelly, holding all the nutritious elements of meat and vegetables and capable of numberless variations under many names. Should you wish to have a clear soup, dip out a pint or so of the jellied stock and bring it quickly to a boil.

Source: The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, California) September 18, 1910 Page: 18.

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