Friday, February 20, 2009

Main Directory: Mimi Speaks Blog (1)

A Blog is a frequently updated journal or diary, also called a "Web log," which is a specialized site that allows an individual or group of individuals to share a running log of events and personal insights with online audiences. A Blog is a publication of a mixture of personal thoughts, experiences, and web links. Some blogging sites may provide a variety of topics that may be of interest to the public, such as in my case where I love to talk about New York City , New York State and American History as well as life itself.

There are many people who love to read blogs, but just don't have the time to go through it's entire contents trying to find something that may be of interest to them. Usually when people approach a blog, they like to go quickly from one thing to the next. As for actually reading the text, there is little evidence of that unless the subject matter should catch their eye, then it becomes worthwhile.

Since my blog was started in 2007, there have been postings of over 300 tid-bits of information, which talk about history, life situations, goals and success. New updates will continue to be posted regularly. So my dear reader, for your benefit, I am making every attempt to improve the navigation to this treasure trove of information as quickly as possible. For this purpose I have created a table of contents divided by categories, for easy accessing. However if there is something that may interest you, I suggest you find yourself a comfortable chair, and while you're at it, grab a steaming hot cup of coffee and a bagel with cream cheese and you'll be all set to settle down for a while. So happy reading.


(A. ) Getting To Know Mimi (B.) N.Y.C. History (C.) East Harlem
(D.) Spanish Harlem (E.) Black Harlem (F.) New York State (G.) Urban/Suburban Living Issues

Table of Contents (3)
(H.) Chit-Chat Over Coffee Swirls

Table of Contents (4)
(I.) Jewish Knowledge (J.) Self-Improvement (K.) Historical Facts On England & United States

Table of Contents (5)
(L.) Miscellaneous (M.) Timetables (N.) Ethnic Groups (O.) Legal Talk
(P.) Entertainment: Backward Glances (Q.) Immigration

Table of Contents (6)
(R.) Women__Bio Sketches, Feminine Fancies, Recipes, Kitchen Talk.
(S.) Worship

Table of Contents (7)
(T.) A Little Taste of History, (U.) U.S. History-Transportation, (V) U.S. History-Panics, Economic Depressions

Table of Contents (8)
(W) ¿Habla EspaƱol?
(This section dedicated to articles of historical facts, poetry, self-improvement, human interest stories etc. written in Spanish)

Table of Contents (9)
(X) So Mr. President, What Did You Do During Your Term in Office....? (The Series)

(Feel free to express your comments or ask questions regarding: "" which will be reviewed before posting. Thank You.



Thursday, February 19, 2009

Historical Facts on England & United States (6)

Topic: Years of 1640-1642

1640: (England) Eight postal lines running in England.

1640: (England) Short Parliament (Apr-May) and Long Parliament (Nov-1653) in England.

1640: (North America) In May, 1640, the English attempted to make a settlement on a tract of land on the east side of Great Neck, near the Town of Hempstead. This land had been purchased by Daniel How from the Indians. The settlers were prevented from locating by Kieft, the Dutch Governor. The settlers removed to Southampton where they purchased a tract of land from the Indians and commenced a settlement there in December 1640, which was the foundation of that town.* (b.d.e. 8/8/1886).

1640. (North America) ) The first attempt of the English to establish themselves within the present bounds of Queens County, was in the township of Hempstead, and in the spring of 1640.

1641: (England) Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, the King's chief adviser, beheaded.

1641: (England) "Diurnal Occurrences, " a weekly periodical issued in London.

1641: (North America) Gardiner's Island, a place of 3300 acres was settled by Lyon Gardiner in 1641, A Scotchman.

1641: (North America) In 1641 Kieft instituted two annual fairs for the encouragement of agriculture, the first for cattle to be held on October 15th and second for hogs on November 1st, upon the Bowling Green.

1642:(England) Charles I marches to Westminster to arrest five members of the Commons; attempt fails; he flees with his family to Hampton Court; Queen Henrietta Maria leaves England for Holland.

1642: (England) Eng. Civil War begins with raising of royal standard at Nottingham; Earl of Essex commands Parliamentary forces; indecisive battle at Edgehill; Cavaliers, the king's supporters, take Marlborough; his opponents, the Roundheads, take Winchester.

1642: (England) All theaters in England closed by order of the Puritans (--1660).

1642: (England) Income and property tax introduced in England.

1642: (North America) Jochem Pietersen Kuyter originally from Darmstadt, had been in the Danish service in the East Indies. He was persuaded by the West India Company to emigrate to this country, and brought hither his family in 1639. He was the first deacon of the new church, built in 1642.

1642: (North America) ) Soon after its settlement Flushing was visited by Quakers. They first settled in Gravesend, but later, because of their persecution by Governor Stuyvesant, they moved easterly and settled in other towns. A leader among them was John Bowne, the chief of the Bowne family in Flushing, who in 1642 built a house on Whitestone avenue, but later built one on Bowne avenue, which is now owned by Mrs. Robert B. Parsons, and which bears the date of 1661.John Bowne was sent to Holland in 1662, by order of Governor Stuyvesant, to be punished for the heinous crime of Quakerism, but the Dutch authorities, who believed that the consciences of men ought to be free and unshackled, released him and he returned in triumph to his friends in 1663.* B.D.E. 5/20/1894)


Historical Facts on England & United States (5)

Topic: The years 1636- 1639

1636: (England) Bishop John Juxon made Lord Treasurer of England.

1636: (North America) Harvard College (so called from 1639 in tribute to John Harvard, who endowed it by a legacy) founded at Newe Towne, Cambridge, Mass., with Nathaniel Eaton as first president.

1636: (North America) It was largely from among the Walloons that the first settlements in the future Brooklyn were peopled; but the first grant of land within its limits was made in June, 1636, to-Jacob Van Corlear, one of Director-General Van Twiller's lieutenants.

1636: (North America) The Burgher family belongs among the earliest Dutch settlers in the New World. The first progenitor to sail for America was Burgher Jorissen who arrived from the Netherlands in the service of the Dutch West India Company in 1636 and settled in the colony of Manhattan and it is recorded that in 1639 he owned Hanover Square and Burgher's Lane to the East River.

1636: (North America) The earliest recorded grant of land in Kings County was made by the Indians to Jacob Van Corlaer, in June, 1636. On the same day Andreis Hudde and Wolfert Gerritson purchased land contiguous to his, and soon after Wouter Van Twiller also purchased land, and these purchases formed the site of "New Amersfoort," now Flatlands. In the same year Bennet and Bentyn bought of the Indians 930 acres at Gowanus.

1637: (England) English emigration to America restricted by royal proclamation.

1637: (North America) Dr. Johannes La Montagne was the first regular physician to take up residence in New Amsterdam. Settling in Harlem in 1637, an expert in medicine and surgery, he was the first legal enactment for the regulation of the practice of medicine in New York.

1637: (North America) The first schoolmaster at New Amsterdam whose name is known was Adam Roelantsen. He is mentioned as such in a list of the salaried officials of the West India Company in 1637 and taught a school, which continues in the City of New York as the School of the Collegiate Reformed Church.

1638: (North America) Anne Hutchinson, leader of the New England Antinomians, is banished from Boston, Massachussetts, and sets up a community in Rhode Island.

1638. (North America) New Haven, Conn., Founded.

1638. (North America) "The Early History of Brooklyn," written by the Editor, Dr. Stiles, informs us that eight fathoms of duffels cloth, eight fathoms of wampum, twelve kettles, eight adzes, eight axes, and some knives, corals and awls, was the price paid to the Indian chiefs by the West India Company on the 1st of August, 1638, for the extensive area which comprised the whole of the former town of Bushwick, now forming the Eastern District of Brooklyn.

1638. (England) Torture abolished in England.

1639. (North America) First printing press in N.America, at Cambridge, Mass.

1639. (North America) The Bronx: This borough received its name from Jonas Bronck. He bought a large area from the Indians in 1639 for "two guns, two kettles, two coats, two adzes, two shirts, one barrel of cider and six bits of money." Around this area grew a number of small settlements. Few of them, however, had a separate existence until about 1800. In 1874 the southern part of the present Bronx was annexed to New York City. In 1883 a commission was appointed to select "proper and desirable" lands for "one or more public parks". As a result large tracts were laid out for this purpose. The borough is divided by the Bronx River into an east and a west section. (34)

Sources Utilized to Document Information


Historical Facts on England & United States (H)

Topic: England (only) 1606-1611

1606: Guy Fawkes and fellow conspirators sentenced to death.

1606: King James I's proclamation for a national flag.

1606: Virginia Company of London, granted royal charter, sends 120 colonists to Virginia.

1606: Founding of Society of Apothecaries and GRocers, and of Fruiterers' Company, in London.

1607: Union of England and Scotland rejected by Eng. Parliament.

1607: Founding of Jamestown, Va., first English settlement on American mainland.

1608: Royal Blackheath Golf Club, London, founded; still in existence.

1610: Thomas West made governor of Virginia.

1610: Skirmishes between England Dutch settlers in India.

1610: The Stationers' Company begins to send a copy of every book printed in England to Bodleian Library, Oxford.

1611: Dissolution of Parliament by James I

1611: Arabella Stuart escapes from Tower of London; is recaptured. (34)

Sources Utilized to Document Information


Historical Facts on England & United States (G)

Topic: England (only) 1592-1605

1592: Plague kills 15,000 people in London.

1595: English army finally abandons bow as weapon of war.

1596: Tomatoes introduced in England.

1597: Eng. Act of Parliament prescribes sentences of transportation to colonies for convicted criminals.

1597: English merchants expelled from Holy Roman Empire in retaliation for treatment of the Hanseatic League in London.

1601: Abolition of monopolies in England.

1603: Queen Elizabeth I of England d. (b. 1533); succeeded by her cousin James VI of Scotland as James I of England and Ireland (-1625).

1603: James I arrives in London.

1603: Coronation of James I

1603: Heavy outbreak of plague in England.

1605: Guy Fawkes arrested in cellars of Parliament, accused of trying to blow up House of Lords during James I's state opening of Parliament; The Gunpowder Plot.

1605: Barbados, West Indies, claimed as English colony.

1605: English government farms all customs revenue to a London consortium of merchants for an annual rent (-1671).

1605: Incorporation of Butchers' and Shipwrights' Companies in London. (34)

Sources Utilized to Document Information


Historical Facts on England & United States (F)

Topic: England (only) 1580-1589

1580: Francis Drake returns to England from voyage of circumnavigation.

1580: Earthquake in London.

1580: New buildings banned in London to restrict growth of city.

1581: Edmund Campion, English Jesuit, tried for treason and executed.

1581: Sedan chairs in general use in England.

1582: Royal Navy gets graduated pay according to rank.

1582: London's first waterworks founded; water wheels installed on London Bridge.

1583: First known life insurance in England, on life of William Gibbons.

1584: Sir Walter Raleigh discovers and annexes Virginia.

1586: Thomas Cavendish leaves Plymouth on voyage of circumnavigation (returns

1586: Corn severely short in England.

1587: Pope Sixtus V proclaims Catholic crusade for invasion of England.

1587: John Winthrop b. (d. 1649), first governor of Massachusetts Bay colony.

1589: House of Commons first appoints a Standing Committee for Privileges.

1589: The Reverend William Lee (Cambridge) invents the stocking frame, first knitting machine.

1589: Sir Francis Drake, with 150 ships and 18,000 men, fails to take Lisbon. (34)

Sources Utilized to Document Information


Historical Facts on England & United States (E)

Topic: England (Only) 1570-1579

1570: Bell foundry of Whitechapel, London, founded.

1571: Act of Parliament forbids export of wool from England and enforces subscription to the Thirty-Nine Articles among clergy.

1571: Incorporation of Blacksmiths' and of Joiners' Companies, London.

1572: English Parliament demands execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.

1572: Society of Antiquaries founded in London.

1573: Sir Francis Walsingham made chief Secretary of State in England.

1574: Richard Burbage receives license to open theater in London.

1575: Freedom from arrest granted by English Parliament for its members and their servants.

1575: Edmund Grindal becomes Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1583).

1576: Richard Burbage obtains 21-year lease of land in Shoreditch, London, with permission to build a playhouse: "The Theatre" opens in Dec.

1576: Martin Frobisher (1535-1594) English navigator, discovers Frobisher Bay, Canada.

1578: Levant Trading Company founded in London for trade with Turkey.

1579: English-Dutch military alliance signed.

1579: Francis Drake proclaims sovereignty of England over New Albion, Calif. (34)

Sources Utilized to Document Information


Historical Facts on England & United States (D)

Topic: England (only) 1560-1569

1560: Beginnings of Puritanism in England (-1660).

1560: Westminster School, London, founded.

1561: St. Paul's Cathedral, London, badly damaged by fire.

1561: Merchant Taylors' School, London, founded.

1562: Queen Elizabeth 1 dangerously ill from smallpox.

1562: English Articles of Religion of 1552 reduced to the Thirty-Nine Articles.

1563: English Parliament passes acts for relief of the poor and for regulating apprentices (repealed 1814)

1563: General outbreak of plague in Europe kills over 20,000 people in London.

1564: Peace of Troyes ends war between England and France. Robert, Lord Dudley, made Earl of Leicester.

1564: English Merchant Adventurers company granted new royal charter.

1564: Horse-drawn coach introduced in England from Holland.

1565: Royal College of Physicians, London, empowered to carry out human dissections.

1565: Sir Thomas Gresham founds the Royal Exchange, London.

1565: Pencils manufactured in England.

1565: Sir John Hawkins introduces sweet potatoes and tobacco into England.

1568: Mary, Queen of Scots, defeated at Langside by Moray; takes refuge in England.

1568: The Company of London Bricklayers and Tylers incorporated.

1569: Rebellion in northern England; sacking of Durham Cathedral.

1569: Public lottery held in London to finance repairs to the port. (34)

Sources Utilized to Document Information


Historical Facts on England & United States (C)

Topic: England (only) 1550-1559

1550: Sir William Cecil made English Secretary of State.

1550: First written reference to game of cricket (creag) in young Edward VI's wardrobe accounts.

1551: First licensing of alehouses and taverns in England and Wales.

1552: Second Prayer Book of Edward VI.

1552: Christ's Hospital, London, founded by King Edward VI.

1553: King Edward VI of England d. (b. 1537).

1553: Lady Jane Grey proclaimed Queen of England; deposed nine days later.

1553: Mary I, daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon, becomes Queen of England (-1558).

1554: Lady Jane Grey executed.

1554: Princess Elizabeth sent to the Tower for suspected participation in rebellion against Mary I.

1554: Catholic restoration in England.

1554: Trinity College, Oxford, founded.

1554: Queen Mary I marries Philip of Spain, son of Emperor Charles V.

1556: Stationers' Company of London granted monopoly of printing in England.

1558: Sir William Cecil appointed principal Secretary of State.

1558: Queen Mary I of England d.; succeeded by Elizabeth I (-1603).

1558: Sir William Cecil appointed principal Secretary of State.

1559: Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I. (34)

Sources Utilized to Document Information


Historical Facts on England & United States (B)

Topic: England (Only) 1539-1549

1539: Marriage treaty signed at Hampton Court for Henry VIII to marry Anne of Cleves, his fourth wife.

1540: Henry VIII marries Anne of Cleves; marriage annulled by the convocation of Canterbury and York; Henry marries Catherine Howard, his fifth wife.

1540: Thomas Cromwell executed; Lord Treasurer Norfolk, uncle of Catherine Howard becomes his successor.

1541: Queen Catherine Howard sent to the Tower on suspicion of immortal conduct; her alleged paramours. Thomas Culpepper and Dereham, executed.

1542: Queen Catherine Howard executed. Lord John Russell made Lord Privy Seal.

1543: Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr, his sixth queen, who survives him.

1544: St. Bartholomew's Hospital in London refounded.

1546: English Navy Board founded.

1547: Henry VIII of England (b. 1491); succeeded by his and Jane Seymour's son Edward VI (1537-1553)

1547: Poor rate levied in London.

1548: Sir Thomas Gresham founds seven professorships in London (University of London not founded until (1828).

1548: Guinea pepper plant is grown in England.

1549: Only the new Book of Prayer may be used in England (from May 20). (34)

Sources Utilized to Document Information


Historical Facts on England & United States (A)

Topic: England (only) 1531-1538

1531: Henry VIII recognized as Supreme Head of the Church in England.

1533: Henry VIII secretly marries Anne Boleyn.

1533: Thomas Cranmer becomes Archbishop of Canterbury: he declares marriage between Henry and Catherine of Aragon void and marriage with Anne Boleyn lawful: Anne crowned queen: Henry is excommunicated by pope.

1534: Final rift between England and Rome.

1534: Decree forbidding English farmers to own more than 2,000 sheep.

1535: Eng. clergy abjure authority of the pope. Sir Thomas More, who refuses the oath of the king's supremacy, tried for treason and executed (canonized 1935).

1535: Beginnings of the London Exchange.

1535: Statute of Uses curbs power of English landowners.

1536: Queen Anne Boleyn sent to the Tower of London and Executed.

1536: Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour, his third wife.

1536: Thomas Cromwell (1485-1540) made Lord Privy Seal.

1537: Queen Jane Seymour d. after birth of Prince Edward (later Edward VI).

1538: Destruction of relics and shrines in southern England (Thomas a Becket's shrine at Canterbury). (34)

Sources Utilized to Document Information


Friday, February 6, 2009