Thursday, February 19, 2009

Historical Facts on England & United States (5)

Topic: The years 1636- 1639

1636: (England) Bishop John Juxon made Lord Treasurer of England.

1636: (North America) Harvard College (so called from 1639 in tribute to John Harvard, who endowed it by a legacy) founded at Newe Towne, Cambridge, Mass., with Nathaniel Eaton as first president.

1636: (North America) It was largely from among the Walloons that the first settlements in the future Brooklyn were peopled; but the first grant of land within its limits was made in June, 1636, to-Jacob Van Corlear, one of Director-General Van Twiller's lieutenants.

1636: (North America) The Burgher family belongs among the earliest Dutch settlers in the New World. The first progenitor to sail for America was Burgher Jorissen who arrived from the Netherlands in the service of the Dutch West India Company in 1636 and settled in the colony of Manhattan and it is recorded that in 1639 he owned Hanover Square and Burgher's Lane to the East River.

1636: (North America) The earliest recorded grant of land in Kings County was made by the Indians to Jacob Van Corlaer, in June, 1636. On the same day Andreis Hudde and Wolfert Gerritson purchased land contiguous to his, and soon after Wouter Van Twiller also purchased land, and these purchases formed the site of "New Amersfoort," now Flatlands. In the same year Bennet and Bentyn bought of the Indians 930 acres at Gowanus.

1637: (England) English emigration to America restricted by royal proclamation.

1637: (North America) Dr. Johannes La Montagne was the first regular physician to take up residence in New Amsterdam. Settling in Harlem in 1637, an expert in medicine and surgery, he was the first legal enactment for the regulation of the practice of medicine in New York.

1637: (North America) The first schoolmaster at New Amsterdam whose name is known was Adam Roelantsen. He is mentioned as such in a list of the salaried officials of the West India Company in 1637 and taught a school, which continues in the City of New York as the School of the Collegiate Reformed Church.

1638: (North America) Anne Hutchinson, leader of the New England Antinomians, is banished from Boston, Massachussetts, and sets up a community in Rhode Island.

1638. (North America) New Haven, Conn., Founded.

1638. (North America) "The Early History of Brooklyn," written by the Editor, Dr. Stiles, informs us that eight fathoms of duffels cloth, eight fathoms of wampum, twelve kettles, eight adzes, eight axes, and some knives, corals and awls, was the price paid to the Indian chiefs by the West India Company on the 1st of August, 1638, for the extensive area which comprised the whole of the former town of Bushwick, now forming the Eastern District of Brooklyn.

1638. (England) Torture abolished in England.

1639. (North America) First printing press in N.America, at Cambridge, Mass.

1639. (North America) The Bronx: This borough received its name from Jonas Bronck. He bought a large area from the Indians in 1639 for "two guns, two kettles, two coats, two adzes, two shirts, one barrel of cider and six bits of money." Around this area grew a number of small settlements. Few of them, however, had a separate existence until about 1800. In 1874 the southern part of the present Bronx was annexed to New York City. In 1883 a commission was appointed to select "proper and desirable" lands for "one or more public parks". As a result large tracts were laid out for this purpose. The borough is divided by the Bronx River into an east and a west section. (34)

Sources Utilized to Document Information


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