Tuesday, January 20, 2009

Timetables (5)

Topic: Colonization: 17th & 18th Centuries

1607: Jamestown is founded in Virginia by the British. Its leader, John Smith, is captured by the Powhatan Confederacy and supposedly, saved by Pocahontas.

1620: Pilgrims landing at Plymouth, Massachusetts, are helped by Wampanoag leader Massasoit and Squanto, a Patuxet.

1622: An uprising by the Powhatan Confederacy nearly wipes out the Jamestown settlement, killing some 350 settlers, and initiating a decade of hostilities. By 1645, Indian resistance ends.

1626: Peter Minuit buys Manhattan island from the Canarsie Indians for 60 guilders (the proverbial $24); although that amount was then equal to several thousand dollars, the island was still dramatically underpriced.

1636-1637: The Pequots are wiped out in the Pequot War, a campaign deliberately waged by the Puritans.

1642-1653: The Hurons and Iroquois clash over the fur trade in a war instigated and supplied by the Dutch and the French. The defeated Hurons withdraw west, to Michigan, Wisconsin, and western Ontario while the victorious Iroquois sign a peace treaty with the French.

1675-1676: King Philip's War pits the New England colonists against the Wampanoags, Narragansetts, and Nipmucks: it is the last major Indian-white war in New England and drives the Indians out of the region, with the exception of Maine.

1676: In Bacon's Rebellion, Nathaniel Bacon and a band of vigilante followers eradicate the Pamunkey Indians.

Mid to late 1600s: Intermittent warfare on the frontier continues between the Dutch and the Indians and the British and the Indians.

1680: Pueblos rebel against the Spanish in the Southwest and drive them out for twelve years. In 1692, the Spanish reconquest of New Mexico ends with reoccupation of Santa Fe.

1689-1748: Native Americans play a key role in three wars involving France, Spain, and Britain: King Williams's War (1689-1697), Queen Anne's War (1702-1713), and King George's War (1744-1748). Various Indian nations ally with either the French or the English. (31)

Sources Utilized to Document Information

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