Wednesday, July 8, 2009

Historical Facts On England & United States (10)

Topic: The Years 1651- 1654

1651: (England) Eng. Navigation Act, directed against the Dutch gives Eng. ships monopoly of foreign trade.

1651: (North America) Flatbush was originally known as Midwout and was first settled in 1651.

1652: (England) Eng. Parliament passes Act of Pardon and Oblivion to reconcile Royalists.

1652: (England) English defeat Dutch at Battle of the Downs off Folkestone before they declare war.

1652: (England) First London coffee house opened in St. Michael's Alley, Cornhill.

1652: (North America) Allard Anthony came from Holland to New Amsterdam, now the city of New York, about the middle of the 17th century. The first reference to him in the records is dated 1652.

1652: (North America) The Wyckoff House in Brooklyn, one of a handful of surviving Dutch farmhouses, dates from circa 1652, and is believed to be the oldest structure in New York City. It was built by Pieter Claesen Wyckoff, a former indentured servant who rose to prosperity as a farmer. Until the early 1900s, his descendants lived in the house, which is today a museum of colonial Dutch life.

1653: (England) English defeat Dutch off Portland, North Foreland and Texel.

1653: (North America) On February 6, 1653 the first city magistrate were Arendt van Hattem and Marten Kregur, Burgomasters: Paulus Leendertsen van der Grist, Maxmillian van Gheel, Allard Anthony, Pieter Wolfertsen van Couwenhoven, and William Beekman, Schepenen. Their first meeting was February 6.

1653: (North America) New Amsterdam was incorporated in 1653, and the beaver, as the appropriate symbol of the source of New Amsterdam's wealth, was selected as a part of the seal of the city. The population of the province was then 2,000, that of New Amsterdam 800; and the population continued to increase rapidly. People of means came from the English colonies and from Holland and made small fortunes out of the river trade in furs and the coastwise trade.

1654: (England) First Eng. Protectorate Parliament meets.

1654: (North America) On August 12, 1654 Stuyvesant ordered a thanksgiving because peace had been reached between Holland and England. Men and woman danced around a huge bonfire and guzzled free beer provided by the city fathers.

1654: (NorthAmerica) In 1654 a ferry was established from Peck slip, in New Amsterdam, the ferry on the Brooklyn shore. At first it was under the city's control, but in 1658 it was leased to a private individual for 300 guilders a year. From the ferry on the Brooklyn side there was a road to Flatbush, which corresponded very nearly with the present lower Fulton street. Up to this time the people of Brooklyn had been without a church or a minister, but in 1654 the Rev. Johannes Theodorus Polhemus came to Flatbush, where a small wooden church had been erected. Dominie Polhemus preached every Sunday morning at Flatbush, and in the afternoons at Brooklyn and Flatlands alternately.


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